Seattle Facts

NAME

Seattle is a derivative of the Indian name “Sealth.” Sealth was a chief of the Suquamish tribe at the time the first white settlers arrived in 1851.

SETTLED

November 13, 1851 by the Denny Party, who had made their way from Portland, Oregon to what is now Alki Point in West Seattle.

GEOGRAPHY

Seattle is located at latitude 47.39’N, longitude 122.17’W, on the eastern shore of Puget Sound, approximately 90 air miles east of the Pacific coastline and 113 miles south of the U.S.-Canadian border (49th Parallel).

  • Seattle – 83.9 sq. miles
  • Metro area – 4,424.9 sq. miles
  • King County – 2,126.1 sq. miles

Seattle has 147.52 miles of fresh water shoreline and 53.38 miles of salt water shoreline for a total of 200.90 miles of shoreline (source 1). Puget Sound has 500 square miles of water, 1,400 miles of shoreline and some 300 islands. The average depth is 205 feet with a maximum depth of 930 feet. The average water temperature is 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Population

City of Seattle

King County

Washington State

2012* 634,535 2,007,574 6,895,318
2010 608,660 1,931,249 6,724,540
2007 586,200 1,861,300 6,488,000
2003 569,101 1,737,034 6,098,300

(source 2) *Seattle is the fastest growing major U.S. city (source 3)

DEMOGRAPHICS

Description

Seattle

Washington State

White 70.6% 78.7%
African American 7.8% 3.5%
Native American 0.8% 1.4%
Asian American 14.0% 7.2%
Pacific Islander 0.4% 0.6%
Hispanic/Latino 6.2% 11.2%
Other race or ethnic group 1.9% 4.5%
Two or more races 4.9% 4.6%

(source 4)

CLIMATE

Average High/Low Temperatures- Seattle, WA (Fahrenheit) 5

January 45.0° / 35.1° May 64.1° / 46.5° September 69.5° / 51.5°
February 49.0° / 36.7° June 69.2° / 51.4° October 59.3° / 45.4°
March 52.1° / 38.2° July 75.2° / 54.8° November 50.4° / 39.6°
April 57.4° / 41.3° August 74.9° / 55.0° December 45.4° / 35.9°

 

Annual Precipitation

Inches

Climate Records – Seattle, WA

Seattle, WA 38.17″ Highest Temperature 103° – July 29, 2009
Boston, MA 43.13″ Lowest Temperature 0° – January 31, 1950
Houston, TX 51.12″ Most rainfall in a year 55.14″ – 1950
Miami, FL 59.61″ Most rainfall in a month 15.63″ – November, 2006
New York, NY 45.73″ Most rainfall in a day 5.02″ – October 20, 2003
Washington, D.C. 39.43″

(source 6)

TOURISM

(Washington State’s 4th-largest industry)

Year

Total Overnight Seattle/King Co. Visitors

Total Seattle/King Co. Visitor Expenditures

2014 19.2 Million
2013 18.69 Million $6.0 Billion
2012 18 Million $5.6 Billion

(source 7)

ACCOMMODATIONS

  • Hotel rooms available in Downtown Seattle: 12,308
  • Hotel rooms in close proximity to the Washington State Convention Center: 8,500
  • Hotel rooms available in King County: 34,591
  • Seattle’s Largest Hotels
    1. Sheraton Seattle Hotel: 1,258 Guestrooms
    2. Westin Seattle Hotel: 891 Guestrooms
    3. Renaissance Seattle Hotel: 548 Guestrooms
    4. Fairmont Olympic Hotel: 450 Guestrooms
    5. Grand Hyatt Seattle: 425 Guestrooms

(source 8)

CONVENTION FACILITIES

The expansive Washington State Convention Center (WSCC) offers The Conference Center (TCC), a LEED Silver-certified meeting facility in the heart of downtown. The 71,000-square-foot TCC directly connects to the 343,722-square-foot WSCC, for 414,722 square feet of total meeting and exhibit space within walking distance of Seattle’s major attractions, hotels, restaurants, and shops.

TRANSPORTATION

Taxi Companies

  • Farwest Taxi: 206.622.1717
  • Orange Cab: 206.522.8800
  • STITA Taxi: 206.246.9999
  • Yellow Cab: 206.622.6500

Bus/Rail/Water Transportation

  • King County Metro Transit: 206.553.3000
  • Greyhound-Interstate bus: 800.231.2222
  • Amtrak: 800.872.7245
  • Washington State Ferries: 888.808.7977
  • Victoria Clipper: 800.888.2535
  • Sound Transit Link Light Rail: 800.201.4900

* App-based rideshare services such as Uber, Lyft and Sidecar also operate in Seattle

Major Air Transporation

Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (Sea-Tac Airport)

  • Location: 15 miles south of downtown Seattle
  • Serves (source 9):
    • 24 airlines
    • 34.7 million passengers/year
    • 95 non-stop destinations
      • 76 domestic
      • 19 international
  • Information: 206.431.4444 or portseattle.org/seatac

Air miles to Major Cities from Seattle

  • Atlanta – 2,796
  • Chicago – 2,114
  • Denver – 1,350
  • Houston – 2,367
  • Los Angeles – 1,261
  • New York – 2,952
  • Portland – 175
  • San Francisco – 843
  • Vancouver, B.C. – 120
  • Tokyo – 4,785
  • Hong Kong – 6,639
  • London 4,792

Seattle’s Cruise Industry

  • Locations:
    • Bell Street Cruise Terminal at Pier 66 along Seattle’s central waterfront
    • Smith Cove Cruise Terminal at Pier 91 along Seattle’s northern waterfront
  • Serves 7 major cruise lines, including:
    • Carnival Cruise Line
    • Celebrity Cruises
    • Holland America Lines
    • Norwegian Cruise Line
    • Oceania Cruises
    • Princess Cruises
    • and Royal Caribbean
  • Information: 206.615.3900 or portseattle.org/seaport/cruise

GOVERNMENT

  • City of Seattle
    • Seattle City Council (elected at large)
    • Mayor: Ed Murray
  • King County
    • King County Council (elected by district)
    • King county Executive: Dow Constantine

ECONOMY

Top Industries in Washington State

  • Software
  • Aerospace
  • Agriculture/Food
  • Travel/Tourism
  • Forestry & Wood
  • Micro-Electronics

Fortune 500 Companies Located in Puget Sound

  • Costco Wholesale
  • Microsoft
  • Amazon.com
  • PACCAR Inc.
  • Starbucks Corporation
  • Nordstrom, Inc.
  • Weyerhaeuser Company
  • Expeditors International of Washington, Inc.
  • Alaska Air Group, Inc.

Economic Characteristics

  • Population in labor force: 383,688
  • Median household income: $63,470
  • Per capita income: $42,369

Housing Characteristics

  • Owner-occupied homes: 135,156
  • Median value of homes: $441,000

Taxes

  • Sales tax: 9.5%
  • Hotel tax 15.6%
  • Car rental tax 17.2%

(source 4)

SEATTLE TOURISM IMPROVEMENT AREA (STIA)

The STIA includes 55 hotels in the downtown area with 60 or more rooms. A $2 per room per night per occupied room surcharge is assessed in addition to the existing 15.6% hotel tax.

EDUCATION

56.5% of people in Seattle hold a Bachelor’s degree or higher

Four-Year Colleges & Universities

  • University of Washington (43,762 students)
  • Seattle University (4,589 students)
  • Seattle Pacific University (4,270 students)
  • Art Institute of Seattle (2,245 students)

Community & Technical Colleges

  • Seattle Central College (20,000 students)
  • South Seattle College (15,000 students)
  • North Seattle College (15,000 students)

PROFESSIONAL SPORTS TEAMS

Club

Sport

League

Venue

Capacity

Seattle Seahawks Football (American) NFL CenturyLink Field 67,000
Seattle Mariners Baseball MLB Safeco Field 47,476
Seattle Storm Basketball WNBA KeyArena 17,072
Seattle Sounders FC Soccer MLS CenturyLink Field 38,300
Seattle Reign FC Soccer NWSL Memorial Stadium 6,000

SISTER CITIES

  • Beer Sheva, Israel, est. 1977
  • Bergen, Norway, est. 1967
  • Cebu, Philippines, est. 1991
  • Chongqing, China, est. 1983
  • Christchurch, New Zealand; est. 1981
  • Daejon, Korea, est. 1989
  • Galway, Ireland, est. 1986
  • Gdynia, Poland, est. 1993
  • Haiphong, Vietnam, est. 1996
  • Kaohsiung, Taiwan, est. 1991
  • Kobe, Japan, est. 1957
  • Limbe, Cameroon, est. 1984
  • Mazatlán, Mexico, est. 1979
  • Mombasa, Kenya, est. 1981
  • Nantes, France, est. 1980
  • Pécs, Hungary, est. 1991
  • Perugia, Italy, est. 1991
  • Reykjavic, Iceland, est. 1986
  • Sihanoukville, Cambodia, est. 1999
  • Surabaya, Indonesia; est. 1992
  • Tashkent, Uzbekistan, est. 1973

 

Sources

  1. Seattle Comptroller’s Office
  2. U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts
  3. U.S. Census Report (2014)
  4. U.S. Census 2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
  5. Official readings of the Western Regional Climate Center taken at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport from 1948-2013
  6. Official readings of the Western Regional Climate Center taken at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport from 1949-2006. Annual precipitation readings from the National Climatic Data Center 1971-2000
  7. Tourism Economics for Visit Seattle
  8. & 9. Smith Travel Research, Inc. and Visit Seattle data Port of Seattle

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