Far more information is available about Native American heritage in Seattle than what could fit onto our Cultural Guides. Below are links to Tribal web sites, museums and heritage sites mentioned in the brochure, and general information about Indian history in the Pacific Northwest.


There are six Indian Tribes that consider part of the Seattle/King County area to be within their traditional territory. Here are links to their web sites:

The Duwamish Tribe site has information about the Tribe's efforts to seek federal recognition, and the Longhouse and Cultural Center that the Tribe operates on the Duwamish River.

The Muckleshoot Tribe site has cultural history information.

The Snoqualmie Tribe site has cultural history information.

The Suquamish Tribe site has information about Chief Seattle, the Suquamish Museum, and the Tribe's cultural history.

The Tulalip Tribes site has cultural history information.

The Puyallup Tribe of Indians site has cultural history information and information about the Tribe's language program.

The Washington State Governor's Office of Indian Affairs site has information about tribes around the state from the book "A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest,"links to tribal web sites around the state, information about treaties between the federal government and tribes, and a calendar of pow-wows and other events in Indian Country. (website)

The Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation site has information about Washington's archaeological heritage and the laws that protect archaeological resources. (website)

The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians produced a Washington State Travel Guide to Indian Country which can be downloaded or ordered on the web. (website)

The Burke Museum, Washington State's Museum of Natural History and Culture, offers a variety of resources on its web site about Seattle-area and Northwest Coast Native cultures. Many objects from its ethnology and archaeology collections can be viewed through on-line catalogues and exhibits, and the Bill Holm Center for the Study of Northwest Coast Art offers in-depth research opportunities. (website)

The Burke Museum's web site also includes:
Native American museums and cultural centers in Washington State (website)
An overview of the Archaeology of West Point (website)
An essay about Totem Poles, including an extensive bibliography (website)

The University of Washington Libraries has an on-line resource called the American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Collection (website) which includes an extensive digital archive of photographs and documents about the Northwest Coast and Plateau Indian cultures, complemented by essays written by anthropologists, historians, and teachers about both particular tribes and cross-cultural topics, as well as an in-depth discussion of the Lushootseed Peoples of Puget Sound Country. (website)

History Link (website) the on-line encyclopedia of Washington State history, has several essays about Native American heritage in the Seattle area, including:

Chief Seattle's Speech (website)

Downtown Seattle: Pioneer Square - Thumbnail History (website)

Hilbert, Vi (b. 1918) (website)

Native Americans of Puget Sound - A Snapshot History of the First People and Their Cultures (website)

Seattle, Chief Noah (born 178?-1866) (website)
Whitebear, Bernie (1937-2000) (website)

4Culture offers a free technical paper on Native American heritage resources. (website)

Independent bookstores such as the Elliott Bay Book Company and the University Book Store have a wide selection of local history books including many of the titles listed below. Museum gift shops at the Burke, Seattle Art Museum, Daybreak Star and MOHAI all offer a selection of heritage books as well. Several web sites list comprehensive bibliographies of scholarly works related to Native American culture and history; the list below is a sampling of works of general interest.

A Guide to the Indian Tribes of the Pacific Northwest
by Robert H. Ruby and John A. Brown, Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.
A comprehensive guide with information about Native history and visiting Indian reservations.

A Time of Gathering: Native Heritage in Washington State
by Robin K. Wright, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991.
This comprehensive book is a companion volume to an exhibit celebrating tribal heritage as a part of Washington State's centennial.
Answering Chief Seattle
by Albert Furtwangler. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.
The original published version of the Chief's famous speech, along with a thorough study of its historical context, symbolism and interpretations.

Coast Salish Essays
by Wayne Suttles. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 1987.
One of the best scholarly studies of the cultural history of the Puget Sound region.

Haboo: Native American Stories from Puget Sound
translated and edited by Vi Hilbert. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1985.
A representative collection of stories drawn from the region's rich oral tradition. Vi Hilbert, a linguist, educator, storyteller and Upper Skagit Elder, is recognized throughout the world for her efforts to preserve the oral literature and culture of the native Puget Sound Lushootseed people.

Handbook of North American Indians: Volume 7, Northwest Coast
edited by Wayne Suttles. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1990.
This is an authoritative anthropological and archaeological study of the region, presented as a series of articles by leading scholars.

Mythology of Southern Puget Sound: Legends Shared by Tribal Elders
collected by Arthur C. Ballard, originally printed in 1929 by the University of Washington Publications in Anthropology, and reprinted in 1999 by the Snoqualmie Valley Historical Museum, with new material by Kenneth (Greg) Watson.
A rich collection of stories gathered almost a century ago from Native American elders in the Seattle area.

Native Seattle: Histories from the Crossing-Over Place
by Coll Thrush. Seattle: UW Press, 2007.
This newly published history links urban and Native American history, focusing primarily on the late 19th and early 20th centuries, as well as the pre-contact landscape and present-day issues.

Northwest Coast Native and Native-Style Art
by Lloyd J. Averill and Daphne K. Morris, 1995, Seattle, published by the University of Washington Press.
An access guide to traditional and modern art works in the area.

Remembering Medicine Creek: The Story of the First Treaty Signed in Washington
by Maria Pascualy, Fireweed Press, 2005.
A well written account of the treaty era.

S'abadeb, The Gifts: Pacific Coast Salish Art and Artists
Edited by Barbara Brotherton, University of Washington Press, 2008.
This publication was developed in conjunction with a major Seattle Art Museum exhibition of the art and culture of the Coast Salish peoples of Washington State and British Columbia, and it traces the development of Salish art from prehistory to the present.

Dozens of works by Native American artists are included in the public art collections owned by the City of Seattle and King County, including several recently commissioned pieces in the Coast Salish style. 4Culture, King County's cultural agency, has created a guide to its public art collection which can be viewed online and free printed copies are also available from the Seattle Visitor Center & Concierge Services desk and other locations.

Highlights include:

The University of Washington's Allen Library is the site of a permanent installation inspired by Northwest Coast mythology called Raven Brings Light to this House of Stories.